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Old 04-02-2014, 07:57 AM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Online Safety

Staying safe online and protecting your computer from malware has become increasingly difficult. New viruses, trojans, malware and other types of infections are on the rise. There are many free programs available that will help protect you from these types of infections. You should have several programs installed that prevent infections from happening and several removal tools installed that will assist you in removing an infection if one is found.

Avira and Avast both offer free versions of their antivirus software.

http://www.avira.com/en/index
http://www.avast.com/en-us/index

Install SpywareBlaster: SpywareBlaster is a malware prevention program. SpywareBlaster prevents the installation of ActiveX-based spyware and other potentially harmful programs. It restricts the actions of dangerous websites.

http://www.majorgeeks.com/files/deta...reblaster.html

Update & Secure Your Browser: Keep your browsers up to date and take steps to secure each browser you use. To view your browser version open your browser and click the help menu. In Firefox click the help menu > about Mozilla Firefox. In Internet Explorer click the help menu > about Internet Explorer.

Secure Internet Explorer: http://www.microsoft.com/security/pc-security/ie9.aspx

Secure Mozilla Firefox: http://www.mozilla.org/security/

Secure Google Chrome: http://www.google.com/support/chrome...en&topic=14666

Install WOT: WOT (web of trust) is a browser add-on that displays a websites reputation in your browser. The ratings are based on user feedback. When you install WOT you can provide your own ratings of the websites you visit. WOT will protect you from online scams, identity theft, spyware, spam, viruses and unreliable shopping sites. WOT provides you with an extra layer of security by warning you before you visit a questionable website.

http://www.mywot.com/

Even with these programs installed an infection may still occur. No prevention program is 100% effective. If an infection does occur there are several free programs available to assist you in removing the infection. Rkill, Malwarebytes and WindowSecurity.comTrojanScanner are a few of the free programs available.

Rkill is a program that will terminate malware that is running on the computer so that you can use removal tools to clean the computer. When malware infects a computer that process runs in the background. Often removal tools cannot clean the infection until that running process has been terminated. Running Rkill before running the removal tools will stop the process and allow those programs to work.

http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/download/rkill/

http://www.majorgeeks.com/files/deta...i_malware.html

WindowSecurity.com TrojanScanner is a free web based Scanner. http://www.windowsecurity.com/trojanscan/

One of the most prevalent infections is rogue security software or rogueware. These types of infections generally present themselves when the user is browsing the internet. A webpage or popup will appear warning the user that they have a virus or another type of infection on their computer. It prompts the user to run a scan or go to a website to pay for a tool to remove the infection. If you see something like this close your web browser window immediately and reboot your computer.

Run a Windows update regularly or turn on automatic updates. Always keep your computer up to date with Windows critical and security updates and service packs.

Keep other programs on your computer up to date. Many time malware infects a computer through unpatched vulnerable software. There is a free online tool called Secunia Online Software Inspector. Secunia will scan the programs you have installed on your computer and identify vulnerabilities in those programs. After the scan is complete you will be offered a link to update those programs.

http://secunia.com/vulnerability_scanning/online/

Install a good antivirus software program. Keep it updated and run a full system scan regularly.

Don’t post your email address on the internet. This is major source of spam in your inbox. If you need to register online and provide your email address use a disposable/temporary email address or sign up for a free account to use just for registration purposes. Keep your personal and business email address private. Google, Windows Live Hotmail, Yahoo and many other online sites offer free email addresses.

Gmail: https://www.google.com/accounts/

Yahoo Mail: https://login.yahoo.com/

Windows Live Hotmail: https://login.live.com/

Guerrillamail temporary email address: http://www.guerrillamail.com/

Mailinator temporary email address: http://mailinator.com/

Do not respond to unsolicited email messages requesting personal information such as your home or business address, bank account number, social security number, etc. No reputable company will request this information from you using email. If you are concerned that the email is from a legitimate source call the company on the phone or visit their website by typing the web address in your browsers address bar. Do not click a link within a questionable email message. A link may look legitimate but might redirect you to a malicious web site.

When you receive spam email messages do not click any links within the message to “unsubscribe” normally when you click an unsubscribe link in a spam message it will not unsubscribe you but instead verify to the spammer that the address is legitimate. The link may also direct you to an undesirable website that contains malicious content. If you would like to use the unsubscribe link in a legitimate email message, a message that you receive because you signed up for a newsletter or some other service the unsubscribe feature may work and it is probably save to click the link.

Use BCCs (Blind Carbon Copy) when addressing a message that will go to a group of people. When you send an e-mail message to a group of people and use the To or CC (Carbon Copy) fields to address the message all of the people included in that message see each other's e-mail address. By using BCC, each recipient sees only two addresses, theirs and yours. Using BCC will prevent those email addresses from being spread across the internet. One way spam is spread is by spammers harvesting email addresses.

If you are sending an attachment tell the person receiving the message what kind of attachment it is and what program they would use to open the file. Computers can become infected with viruses and other malware by opening an infected email attachment. If you receive an attachment that you were not expecting or an attachment from an unknown source do not open it.

Never give your password to anyone. Do not use the same password for all of your accounts and change your password often. A password should be at least 6 characters long and contain a mix of capital letters, lower case letters, numbers and symbols/punctuation. Do not make your password something that is easy to guess. Never use your name, birthday or other meaningful dates, your address, phone number or any words or phrases that have any personal significance. Do not write your password down and keep it in a location where other can see it. If you suspect an online account has been compromised change your password and security questions immediately.
You can use a free online password generator to create a secure password.

http://www.onlinepasswordgenerator.com/

http://www.techzoom.net/tools/password-generator.en

When using your credit card to order online be sure the website you are ordering from is legitimate and secure. Look for the security lock in your web browser. A site that is secure will display a "lock" icon in the browser window, in the status bar at the bottom of the page or near the address bar. Double click the lock icon to display the websites security certificate. Also check the web address in the address bar. Normally web addresses begin with “http”. A secure site should begin with “https”
When finished using a secure site be sure to “log out”

Consider applying for a credit card to use specifically for online purchases.
You can also go to the Better Business Bureau website and research the site you are ordering from.

http://www.bbb.org/us/

Think about what personal information you are sharing online. There are many social networking sites, message boards, dating sites and instant messaging programs available. Be choosy as to what type of information you share on these sites. For example don’t post your vacation plans on Facebook, don’t provide your phone number, address or other personal information on these sites. Use the security features available on the sites to protect your private information.

Facebook security: www.facebook.com/security

Downloading Software
There are many free programs available online for download but not all websites that offer the software are reputable sites.

Driver Downloads: You do not need to update device drivers regularly. If you reinstall Windows or you are having an issue with a driver, you may need to download the most current drivers for your hardware. When downloading drivers always get the drivers directly from the manufacturers website. Never download drivers from a third party source. Do not download any software that offers to scan your computer and locate the drivers for you.

Download Managers and Registry Cleaning Utilities: Do not use download managers and do not install any software that offers to clean or optimize your registry for you. Be very careful when downloading any program that offers to clean or speed up your computer. While there are a few programs that are reputable most are not and most cleaning programs are unnecessary. The tasks that the program offers to do for you can most likely be done manually or by using utilities already included in Windows or in your browser.

Downloading Other Software: When downloading any software be sure that the website you are getting the software from is a reputable site. If you are not sure if the site is safe don’t download the software. Many programs come “bundled” with other software. When installing a new program always choose the custom or advanced installation option. Read each screen carefully before clicking the next, continue or OK button. Read the software license agreement before downloading.
When you go to a website to download the software pay close attention before clicking the download button. Many sites will have other software listed on the site that is included in the download. You may have the choice to “uncheck” the additional software being offered.

Scan Downloaded Files For Viruses & Malware: Each time you download a file, save the file to your computer. Do not run directly from the website. After the download has finished, run a scan with your antivirus software on the downloaded file before installing the program. Most antivirus software programs will allow you to run a scan on the file by right clicking the file. From the right click menu you should have the option to scan. If you do not see that option in the right click menu open your antivirus software and scan the file.
There are some well know websites that are unsafe. BrotherSoft, Softonic, Giveaway of the Day, Downloads.com, CNET, SourceForge, FreewareFiles, Tucows, and Warez websites are some of the sites to avoid. Do not install programs that offer free music downloads such as Bearshare or Frostwire, do not use Peer to Peer file sharing sites such as BitTorrent, UTorrent and others.


If you see a program you would like to download research it first. Do a google search with the name of the program followed by “malware, spyware or virus”
Read user reviews on the software before downloading and installing.

If you are a member of the Worldstart forum or another computer forum create a post and ask other members if they have used the software, what site they used to download the software and what their experience has been with the software.

Even reputable websites can contain links to other not so reputable websites or may run ads on their page that direct you to a questionable website.

Avoid any ads on webpages that offer free software as you are browsing the internet. Don’t click on those links. Don’t click on links in email messages that offer free downloads.
Before downloading any new software backup your computer.

Run a virus\malware scan regularly, especially after downloading and installing any new software.
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Last edited by Sunny; 01-21-2015 at 01:00 PM.
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  #2  
Old 04-02-2014, 01:28 PM
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stringbean stringbean is offline
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Just checked the rKill link and find that it does not exist.
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Old 04-03-2014, 09:31 AM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by stringbean View Post
Just checked the rKill link and find that it does not exist.
Thank you stringbean, I corrected the link.
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Old 07-31-2014, 03:12 PM
Dudkie Dudkie is offline
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Hi Sunny
WOW! what an excellent post.... thanks ...Yes, I am careful when downloading I save it then check it out.I enjoy your Helpful posts... thanks bunches keep them coming..
D
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Old 07-31-2014, 06:00 PM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dudkie View Post
Hi Sunny
WOW! what an excellent post.... thanks ...Yes, I am careful when downloading I save it then check it out.I enjoy your Helpful posts... thanks bunches keep them coming..
D
Thank you Dudkie, glad you found it helpful.
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Old 07-31-2014, 09:00 PM
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Emory 10046 Emory 10046 is offline
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Thanks for the excellent post. When downloading I'm very careful plus I have a throwaway e-mail which I us for other than personal use.
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Old 08-01-2014, 01:53 AM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Originally Posted by Emory 10046 View Post
Thanks for the excellent post. When downloading I'm very careful plus I have a throwaway e-mail which I us for other than personal use.
You're welcome Emory. The throw away email is an excellent idea. Everyone should have one.
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Old 08-01-2014, 05:07 PM
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jerrypc1 jerrypc1 is offline
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Thanks Sunny for the post I always d/l to my desktop and then before I run it I scan it with avast, but you gave me some other Idea's also .thanks a lot.Jerry
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Old 08-01-2014, 05:45 PM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Originally Posted by jerrypc1 View Post
Thanks Sunny for the post I always d/l to my desktop and then before I run it I scan it with avast, but you gave me some other Idea's also .thanks a lot.Jerry
You're welcome Jerry. Scanning what you download before installing very important.
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Old 08-03-2014, 08:17 PM
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oddie54 oddie54 is offline
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Thank you for the very well written and helpful post Sunny! Even though I have been around the block a few times, this is an invaluable article to print and go over with the many seniors I help. Hopefully I can do a well enough job explaining it to them so I do not have to fix them up as often and also they will have a much better experience with their computers.
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Old 08-04-2014, 02:17 AM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Originally Posted by oddie54 View Post
Thank you for the very well written and helpful post Sunny! Even though I have been around the block a few times, this is an invaluable article to print and go over with the many seniors I help. Hopefully I can do a well enough job explaining it to them so I do not have to fix them up as often and also they will have a much better experience with their computers.
Hi oddie54, so glad you found it helpful. Thank you.
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