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Old 01-08-2012, 02:54 PM
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Sunny Sunny is offline
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Tips for staying safe online

Staying safe online and protecting your computer from malware has become increasingly difficult. New viruses, trojans, malware and other types of infections are on the rise. There are many free programs available that will help protect you from these types of infections. You should have several programs installed that prevent infections from happening and several removal tools installed that will assist you in removing an infection if one is found.

Avast: http://www.majorgeeks.com/files/deta...e_edition.html

Avira: www.avira.com

You also want to have a programs installed that prevents spyware infections. Spyware is similar to a virus. Spyware is a type of malware that infects a computer and collects data from the computer without the user’s knowledge. Often the infection will run in the background and the user will never be aware that they have an infection. The computer may become slow, lock-up, throw off error messages, etc. You may see a lot of popup windows or other odd behavior. Avast and Microsoft Security Essentials do offer protection against some forms of spyware but additional protection is also needed. SpywareBlaster is a free program that protects against spyware, adware, browser hijackers, dialers, keyboard loggers and other types of infection.

You can download and read more about SpywareBlaster here http://www.javacoolsoftware.com/spywareblaster.html

Keep your browsers up to date and take steps to secure each browser you use. If you are not sure which version of a browser you are using go to http://www.whatbrowser.org/en/
Your browser and browser version will be displayed on the website. You can also click the help menu in your browser to view the version.

Secure Internet Explorer: http://www.microsoft.com/security/pc-security/ie9.aspx

Secure Mozilla Firefox: http://www.mozilla.org/security/

Secure Google Chrome: http://www.google.com/support/chrome...en&topic=14666

Install WOT. WOT (web of trust) is a browser add-on that displays a websites reputation in your browser. The ratings are based on user feedback. When you install WOT you can provide your own ratings of the websites you visit. WOT will protect you from online scams, identity theft, spyware, spam, viruses and unreliable shopping sites. WOT provides you with an extra layer of security by warning you before you visit a questionable website. http://www.mywot.com/

Even with these programs installed an infection may still occur. No prevention program is 100% effective. If an infection does occur there are several free programs available to assist you in removing the infection.

Rkill, Malwarebytes, Spybot Search and Destroy and WindowSecurity.comTrojanScanner are a few of the free programs available that will assist you in removing an infection if one were to occur.

Rkill is a program that will terminate malware that is running on the computer so that you can use removal tools to clean the computer. When malware infects a computer that process runs in the background. Often removal tools cannot clean the infection until that running process has been terminated. Running Rkill before running the removal tools will stop the process and allow those programs to work. You can get Rkill here. http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/down...ti-virus/rkill

Malwarebytes will find and remove most type of malware. You can get the free version here http://www.malwarebytes.org/

Spybot Search and Destroy is another free removal tool. http://www.safer-networking.org/en/index.html

WindowSecurity.com TrojanScanner is a free web based scanner. I suggest running it after running all of the other removal tools. http://www.windowsecurity.com/trojanscan/


Run a Windows update regularly or turn on automatic updates. Always keep your computer up to date with Windows critical and security updates and service packs.

Keep other programs on your computer up to date. Many time malware infects a computer through unpatched vulnerable software. There is a free online tool called Secunia Online Software Inspector. Secunia will scan the programs you have installed on your computer and identify vulnerabilities in those programs. After the scan is complete you will be offered a link to update those programs. http://secunia.com/vulnerability_scanning/online/

Install a good antivirus software program. Keep it updated and run a full system scan regularly.
Don’t post your email address on the internet. This is major source of spam in your inbox. If you need to register online and provide your email address use a disposable/temporary email address or sign up for a free account to use just for registration purposes. Keep your personal and business email address private. Google, Windows Live Hotmail, Yahoo and many other online sites offer free email addresses.
Gmail: https://www.google.com/accounts/
Yahoo Mail: https://login.yahoo.com/
Windows Live Hotmail: https://login.live.com/
Guerrillamail temporary email address: http://www.guerrillamail.com/
Mailinator temporary email address: http://mailinator.com/

Do not respond to unsolicited email messages requesting personal information such as your home or business address, bank account number, social security number, etc. No reputable company will request this information from you using email. If you are concerned that the email is from a legitimate source call the company on the phone or visit their website by typing the web address in your browsers address bar. Do not click a link within a questionable email message. A link may look legitimate but might redirect you to a malicious web site.

When you receive spam email messages do not click any links within the message to “unsubscribe” normally when you click an unsubscribe link in a spam message it will not unsubscribe you but instead verify to the spammer that the address is legitimate. The link may also direct you to an undesirable website that contains malicious content. If you would like to use the unsubscribe link in a legitimate email message, a message that you receive because you signed up for a newsletter or some other service the unsubscribe feature may work and it is probably save to click the link.

Use BCCs (Blind Carbon Copy) when addressing a message that will go to a group of people. When you send an e-mail message to a group of people and use the To or CC (Carbon Copy) fields to address the message, all of the people included in that message see each other's e-mail address. By using BCC, each recipient sees only two addresses, theirs and yours. Using BCC will prevent those email addresses from being spread across the internet. One way spam is spread is by spammers harvesting email addresses.
If you are sending an attachment tell the person receiving the message what kind of attachment it is and what program they would use to open the file. Computers can become infected with viruses and other malware by opening an infected email attachment. If you receive an attachment that you were not expecting or an attachment from an unknown source do not open it.

Never give your password to anyone. Do not use the same password for all of your accounts and change your password often. A password should be at least 6 characters long and contain a mix of capital letters, lower case letters, numbers and symbols/punctuation. Do not make your password something that is easy to guess. Never use your name, birthday or other meaningful dates, your address, phone number or any words or phrases that have any personal significance. Do not write your password down and keep it in a location where other can see it. If you suspect an online account has been compromised change your password immediately.

You can use a free online password generator to create a secure password.
http://www.onlinepasswordgenerator.com/
http://www.techzoom.net/tools/password-generator.en

When using your credit card to order online be sure the website you are ordering from is legitimate and secure. Look for the security lock in your web browser. A site that is secure will display a "lock" icon in the browser window, in the status bar at the bottom of the page or near the address bar. Double click the lock icon to display the websites security certificate. Also check the web address in the address bar. Normally web addresses begin with “http”. A secure site should begin with “https”
When finished using a secure site be sure to “log out”

Consider applying for a credit card to use specifically for online purchases.
You can also go to the Better Business Bureau website and research the site you are ordering from.
http://www.bbb.org/us/

Think about what personal information you are sharing online. There are many social networking sites, message boards, dating sites and instant messaging programs available. Be choosy as to what type of information you share on these sites. For example don’t post your vacation plans on Facebook, don’t provide your phone number, address or other personal information on these sites. Use the security features available on the sites to protect your private information.
Facebook security: www.facebook.com/security
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Last edited by Sunny; 03-11-2014 at 08:05 AM.
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  #2  
Old 01-08-2012, 03:08 PM
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sugee sugee is offline
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good post Sunny...sent it via email link to my husband who doesn't listen to me but maybe will listen to you
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  #3  
Old 05-30-2017, 03:05 PM
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Candida Candida is offline
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Hi Sunny and thanks for the Tips, I copied them so they are there when I need them....Do you have the number of the patch that just came through I heard people talking about it on TV but didn't get the number.

Thanks
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  #4  
Old 05-30-2017, 09:28 PM
acker1 acker1 is offline
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You still have WOT on the list. I heard (on here) that it is no longer reliable. Is it good to go now?

Thanks
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